Extreme Global Poverty
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that14,500 children under the age of 5 die each day, and that "more than half" of these deaths are preventable. This equates to a child dying unnecessarily every 12 seconds.
Childhood deaths of those living in poverty are often caused by problems that are entirely preventable. They include inadequate nutrition, lack of access to clean water, easily-treatable and preventable diseases such as malaria and dysentry and inadequate healthcare. Almost no one in the developed world will lose a child to these issues because we have scalable, effective solutions to them. However, for 734m people living in extreme poverty, these risks are immediate and deadly.
The causes of extreme poverty are varied and complex. They range from environmental factors such as the climate and geography of a region; to political factors such as conflict, corruption and unfair trade policies; to epidemiological issues such as disease and famine. Almost all of these factors are in turn exacerbated by extreme poverty, creating a vicious cycle where the causes of poverty make the symptoms of poverty worse, and vice versa.